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Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder Treatment

Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder Treatment Q&A

Fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASDs) are a collection of illnesses that can develop in people who have been exposed to alcohol before birth. People with FASDs have behavioral disorders, concentration challenges, and executive dysfunction. Dr. Maria Nabong offers Fetal alcohol spectrum disorder treatment at Kidshealth Pediatric. Reach out to talk to one of our friendly and experienced staff members today or book an appointment online. We Have 2 Pediatric Clinics in Scottsdale, AZ & Glendale, AZ.

Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder Treatment Near Me in Scottsdale, and Glendale AZ.

Table of Contents:

What is a fetal alcohol spectrum disorder?
What causes fetal alcohol spectrum disorder?
What are the major symptoms of fetal alcohol syndrome?
How is fetal alcohol syndrome treated?

What is a fetal alcohol spectrum disorder?


Fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASDs) are conditions that occur due to exposure to alcohol before birth. The term “FASDs” includes several specific diagnoses, such as:
 
● Fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS) – This diagnosis is on the most involved end of the FASD spectrum. People with this diagnosis have distinctive facial features and central nervous system problems. In addition, children with FAS often experience delays in motor skill development, learning difficulties, and behavioral challenges.

● Alcohol-related neurodevelopmental disorder (ARND) – Individuals who are diagnosed with ARND often experience behavioral problems and may have difficulties with memory, judgment, attention, and impulse control.

● Alcohol-related birth defects (ARBD) – ARBD is characterized by physical abnormalities and can result in problems with hearing, vision, the kidneys, the heart, or the musculoskeletal system.

● Neurobehavioral disorder associated with prenatal alcohol exposure (ND-PAE) – This is a newer diagnosis that is characterized by thinking and memory difficulties, behavioral issues, and trouble with day-to-day living.

What causes fetal alcohol spectrum disorder?


Exposure to alcohol before birth is the cause of fetal alcohol spectrum disorder. When a pregnant mother consumes alcohol, it travels through her bloodstream and crosses the placenta to enter the bloodstream of the fetus. It’s important to understand that no amount of alcohol is safe to consume during pregnancy or while trying to get pregnant. All types of alcohol, including wine and beer, have the potential to cause FASDs if consumed during pregnancy.
 
Alcohol interferes with the normal development of the fetus, particularly affecting the developing brain and other organs. The severity and specific symptoms of FASD vary depending on factors such as the timing, duration, and amount of alcohol exposure during pregnancy.

What are the major symptoms of fetal alcohol syndrome?


Some of the major symptoms of FASDs include:

● Physical defects – Some of the physical symptoms of FASDs include distinctive facial features, joint, limb, or finger deformities, and slow physical growth. Prenatal alcohol exposure can lead to structural abnormalities in various organs, which may cause kidney problems, vision or hearing impairment, and heart defects.

● Central nervous system problems – FASDs cause problems with the brain and the central nervous system. Common symptoms include poor judgment skills, coordination or balance problems, and hyperactivity. In addition, individuals with FASDs may have difficulty with problem-solving, processing information, or identifying the consequences of choices.

● Social and behavioral issues – FASDs can cause problems with social and behavioral functioning, resulting in poor social skills, difficulty in school, impulse control problems, and a poor concept of time. This can impair the individual’s ability to function independently and adapt to daily life tasks, such as self-care, organization, and relationship-building.

How is fetal alcohol syndrome treated?


While there is no cure for FASDs, there are a variety of ways to manage the symptoms of these conditions. Early intervention can reduce the effects of fetal alcohol syndrome and prevent further complications. Some of the interventions available for patients with fetal alcohol syndrome include:
 
● Behavioral therapy – Various approaches, such as cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) and applied behavior analysis (APA), can be used to support patients with FAS. These methods teach healthy coping mechanisms, problem-solving strategies, and how to interpret social cues.

● Occupational therapy – As patients with FASDs often have problems with motor coordination and sensory processing, occupational therapists can provide support to refine fine and gross motor skills to make daily living easier.

● Speech therapy – Speech therapists can help patients with FASDs by addressing language delays, providing articulation therapy, and offering social communication training.

● Medication – In some cases, medication will be prescribed to manage kidney or heart issues or to address symptoms like behavior, mood regulation, or attention problems.

● Educational support – Special education services and accommodations are essential for supporting the learning needs of patients with FASDs. This may include extended times for tests, frequent breaks, and one-on-one instruction.
 
The management of FAS and other FASDs requires a multi-faceted approach that is tailored to the patient’s unique needs. If your child has fetal alcohol syndrome, the team at KidsHealth Pediatrics can provide comprehensive care and support.

Reach out to talk to one of our friendly and experienced staff members today or book an appointment online. We Have 2 Pediatric Clinics in Scottsdale, AZ & Glendale, AZ. We serve patients from Glendale AZ, Peoria AZ, Sun City AZ, Scottsdale AZ, North Scottsdale AZ, Grayhawk AZ, and surrounding areas of Phoenix AZ.

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Scottsdale, AZ

  • 5425 E Bell Rd Suite 131 Scottsdale, AZ 85254
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Glendale, AZ

  • 5750 W. Thunderbird Rd F620 Glendale, AZ 85306
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